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GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT HONG KONG

To help you better familiarize yourself with Hong Kong, please take note of the following generalinformation:

LOCATION

Hong Kong is situated on the southeast coast of China at the mouth of the Pearl River facing theSouth

China Sea. Covering an area of 1,104 square kilometres (425 square miles), the territory is made up of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula and the New Territories. At the core is Victoria Harbour, which separates Hong Kong Island from Kowloon and beyond that, the New Territories that runs up to the boundary with Mainland China. As well as making up the bulk of Hong Kong's land mass, the New Territories also incorporates 262 outlying islands, including Lantau where the HK Airport is located.

Despite its dense urban environment, more than 70% of Hong Kong's total area is rural, including about 40% designated as protected country parks and nature reserves that are all easily accessible.

 

CURRENCY

The legal tender is the Hong Kong dollar (HK$), which is linked to the US dollar at a rate of about 7.80 HKD to 1 USD, although exchange rates may fluctuate slightly. Interestingly, Hong Kong banknotes are issued by three banks (HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank and Bank of China), and vary in design and colour for each denomination.

 

USEFUL NUMBERS

Weather Forecast

1878 200

Consumer Council

2929 2222

Police

999

 

WEATHER

Hong Kong has a subtropical climate with distinct seasons. Typhoon season (our version of a hurricane) is traditionally May to November. When a typhoon is approaching, warnings are broadcast on TV and radio, and signals indicate its significance, the latest position and expected movement of the centre of the tropical cyclone, information on the wind strength, rainfall and sea level in the territory. When typhoon signal 8 is hoisted, businesses and shops close down and flights may be cancelled. There is a separate warning for heavy rain.

 

 

Spring - March to May
Temperature and humidity is rising and evenings can be cool

 

Summer - June to August
Hot, humid and sunny, with occassional showers and thunderstorms. Temperatures can exceed 31°C

 

Autumn - September to November
There are pleasant breezes, plenty of sunshine and comfortable temperatures. Many people regard these as the best months of the year to visit Hong Kong, and thus the 'peak season'.

 

Winter - December to February
Cool, dry and cloudy, with occassional cold fronts. Temperature can drop below and humidity is rising and evenings can be cool 10°C in urban areas.
The buildings across the waterfront are adorned with colorful lighting, making it a very magical and festive time to be in Hong Kong.

MACAU INFORMATION

In the early 1550s the Portuguese reached Ou Mun, which the locals also called A Ma Gao, "place of A Ma", in honour of the Goddess of Seafarers, whose temple stood at the entrance to the sheltered Inner Harbour. The Portuguese adopted the name, which gradually changes into the name Macau, and with the permission of Guangdong's mandarins, established a city that within a short time had become a major entrepot for trade between China, Japan, India and Europe.

Macau is now a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China since 20 December 1999, and, like Hong Kong, benefits from the principle of "one country, two systems". The tiny SAR is growing in size - with more buildings on reclaimed land - and in the number and diversity of its attractions. The greatest of these continues to be Macau's unique society, with communities from the East and West complementing each other, and the many people who come to visit.

Getting to Macau

The most comfortable and fastest method of getting to Macau is by Helicopter (approx. 16 minutes flight). However the most popular method is by jet catamaran. Hong Kong has two major terminals for Macau-bound travelers: Shun Tak Centre located at Hong Kong Island and China Ferry Terminal located on the Tsimshatsui, Kowloon. Tourists can find quite a number of jetfoils, Catamarans and ferries available, run by TurboJET, the Cotai Strip CotaiJet™ and First Ferry

 Shun Tak Centre Macau Ferry Terminal (Hong Kong Island)

Shun Tak Centre Macau Ferry Terminal is located in the Sheung Wan district of Hong Kong Island and this is the main ferry terminal most frequently used and has more scheduled departures.
China Hong Kong Macau Ferry Terminal (Tsim Sha Tsui District, Kowloon)
The China Hong Kong Macau Ferry Terminal is located on the Tsimshatsui waterfront alongside Harbour City, on the Kowloon side of the harbour. It is used for Catamaran sailings to and from Macau, and is convenient for visitors staying in Tsimshatsui hotels.