Kerela

 

Kerela Tours

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History of Kerala

 
Original inhabitants were animists, followed by the Dravidians. After Alexander's triumphant sweep over Asia Minor, the ports of Kerala became a link between the Middle East, the Mediterranean and China. In 1498, Vasco da Gama made his historic landing on the Malabar Coast. In 1723, the East India Company signed a strategic treaty with King Marthanda Varma. For a few decades, Hyder Ali and his son -Tipu sultan proved to be a thorn in the flesh of the British, sweeping down several times into Kerala. In 1947, it was the turn of the British to pack their bags. A hundred percent literate people. Worldclass health care system. India's lowest infant mortality and highest life expectancy rate. The highest physical quality of life in india. Peaceful and pristine, kerala is also india's cleanest state. Sandwiched between the Lakshwadeep Sea and the Western Ghats, Kerala is a bustling little green-and-silver, coconuts-and-water state on the west coast of India. It is bounded by Karnataka to the north, Tamil Nadu to the east, and the Arabian Sea to the west. Thiruvananthapuram is its capital.  

Kerala Fact File

Location :

Southwestern Tip of India

Area

38,863 Sq. Km

Population

29,011,237 (Census 91)

Capital

Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum)

Language

Malayalam, English Is Widely Spoken

Religion

Hinduism, Christianity, Islam

Time

Gmt + 5:30

Currency

Indian Rupee

Climate

Tropical

Capital of Kerala

Though a bit of a tongue-twister, Thiruvananthapuram - the present official name, is closer to it's mythological origins. The word ' Thiru ananthapuram' means the city of Anantha or the abode of the sacred thousand-headed serpent Anantha, who forms the couch on which reclines Lord Vishnu, the preserver in the Hindu trinity. Built on seven hills, it was the capital of the Venad chieftains. The city has grown as a tourist and commercial centre, with the International airport becoming the main gateway into Kerala. Being the state capital, it also throbs with political activity.

Culture of Kerala :

One aspect of the state's rich cultural heritage is manifest in its varieties of religious architecture: ancient Hindu temples with copper-clad roofs, later Islamic mosques with "Malabar gables," and colonial Portuguese Baroque churches. Splendid paintings, especially murals, exhibit distinct local traditions and styles. The land is a flourishing center of the Kathakali dance form. The state has also a rich theatre tradition: the only surviving Sanskrit drama, Koottiyattam, is still performed by the Chakkiars of Kerala. Some principles of the Natya-Shastra are evident in their presentations.

 

KERALA TOURS  

 

Details  

 Day 1 : Cochin
Arrive Cochin. Met upon arrival and transfer to Hotel. Evening Harbour Cruise of Cochin. With one of the finest natural harbors in the world -Cochin was once a major centre for commerce and trade with the British, Arabs, Chinese, Portuguese, Dutch etc. All communities found a welcome in Kerala.
Day 2 : Cochin
Morning sight seeing of Cochin including Dutch Palace, Jewish Synagogue, Chinese Fishing nets, St. Francis Church etc. Afternoon free. Evening witness the Kathakail Dance Show.
Day 3 : Cochin - Kozhikode (Calicut)
Morning drive to Kozhikode (185 kms. / 4 hrs.). Afternoon free for boating.
Day 4 : Kozhikode
Visit Calicut including Pazahssiraja Museum & Art Gallery and Kappad Beach -a historic beach where Vasco da Gama landed in 1498 and Beypore -a prominent port and important trade and maritime centre. Ancient Beypore was much sought after by merchants from Western Asia for its shipbuilding industry. The art of "Uru" (Arabian trading vessel) building is a tradition of over 1500 years and you can even witness some of them being built and you could also buy their miniature versions from local shops.

Day 5 : Kozhikode - Guruvayur

Drive to Guruvayur (3 hrs) -the temple town. Walk around the temple to witness the small colourfull shops. Afternoon visit punnathoorkotta -the home of 50 elephants offers unusual spectacles of the gently pachyderm. These temple elephants are decorated for the various festivals and most important of them is Thrissur, Pooram at Trichur when 30 caparisoned elephants decorated with gold ornaments line up on opposite sides and traditional music (panchvadhyam) is played.
Day 6 : Guruvayur - Munnar

Morning drive to Munnar (175 kms /4 hrs.) the hill resort (alt. 1600 m). Afternoon free to witness the beauty of nature at its' best.
Day 7 : Munnar
Morning visit Eravikulam National Park - the natural habitat of the Nilgiri Tahr (a rare mountain goat) and the highest peak of South India - Anamudi (2695 meters) is also within its limits. Afternoon free (optional visit to Kunnakkamalai Tea estate by jeep).
Day 8 : Munnar - Periyar
Drive to Periyar (100 kms / 3 hrs ) which is most scenic while you drive down through Tea and spice plantations through the green and blue hills. Afternoon take a Boat safari in lake Periyar inside the Periyar National Park.
Day 9 : Periyar - Kumarakom
Drive to Kumarakom (130 kms/3 Hrs) a unique backwater destination situated on the banks of the Vembnad lake. Evening sunset cruise on lake after visiting Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary.

 

Day 10 : Kumarakom - Kollam (House boat)
Embark on the Kettuvallam -the typical House Boats and sail through the most beautiful
backwaters region towards Kollam These traditional boats gently sail on through the rural interiors of Kerala which remain hidden from the road.
Day 11 : Kollam - Trivandrum - Kovalam

Disembark at Thottappalli and drive to Kovalam (100 kms / 3 Hrs) enroute visiting Trivandrum_the ancient city and capital of Kerala state. Places of interest in Trivandrum are Sri Padmanabha Temple, Kuthiramalika Palace, Trivandrum Zoo, Srichithra Art Gallery and Napier Musiem. Evening free to relax on the beach.
Day 12 : Kovalam
Day free to relax on the beach
Day 13 : Kovalam - Kanyakumari - Kovalam
Full day excursion to Kanyakumari (also known as Cape Comorin which is 67 kms / 1 ½ 2 Hrs) -the tip of peninsular India where 3 seas -Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal meet. Enroute visiting Padmanabhapuram Palace_well known for wooden works. Visit Kanyakumari Temple, Gandhi Memorial and Vivekananda Memorial. Evening visit the spectacular Sunset and drive back to Kovalam hotel.
Day 14 : Kovalam -Trivandrum - Out
Drive to Trivandrum airport (17 Kms) and connect your international flight for home. (Hotel Checkout 12:00 Hrs).


 


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